Monday, February 6, 2017

The School of Croton

Croton city prospered from Mediterranean commerce, especially between Greece and the coastal areas of Gaul and Spain. Croton was famous for her medical school and for the successes of her athletes.

There is no definite knowledge of when the medical school of Croton was established (probably existed before Pythagoras), in any case, its history is intertwined with that of Pythagoras and his school and two institutions made Croton the important Greek intellectual center in Italy. Of all early philosophical schools that of Pythagoras probably exerted the deepest influence upon medicine.

Pythagoras
In Croton, Pythagoras organized his followers into a well disciplined school, and scone medical school developed at about the same time, Croton became the first and a very important Greek intellectual.

According to Pythagoras, the soul is divided into three parts, intelligence reason and passion. Intelligence and passion are possessed by other animals as well, but reason by man alone. The seat of the soul extends from the heart to the brain, the part of it which in the heart is passion, while the parts located in the brain are reason and intelligence.

One of the famous students graduated from this school was Alcmaeon of Croton. He was a student of anatomy and one of the first to perform dissection.
The School of Croton
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