Sunday, November 8, 2015

Arab Muslim in Sicily and Southern Italy

Medieval Italy’s earliest claim to prominence in the history of medicine comes from the southern half of the peninsula. There, from the mid-eleventh to the thirteenth century an unprecedented explosion in medical activity took place.

When the Muslim power (827-884) had their rule over Sicily and Southern part of Italy; Arabic medical doctrine infused with Western European culture until its existence.

Because the Muslims absorbed and cherished the great heritage from classical civilization, they were able to transmit its benefits along with much that they themselves had created to the West.

The advent of Constantinus Africanus is the period of greatest literary activity of the school Salerno.

The main source of Anatomical knowledge was Constantine’s translation of Al-Maleki (Royal book) written by Hay Ben Abbas, a Persian magnus, who was the author that treatise on matters medical.

Constantinus Africanus was a physician of the eleventh century and died before 19098/1099. Constantinus Africanus translated it onto Latin (1070-80) and later another translation was made by Stephen of Antioch.

The last of the Sicilian translators was the Jewish doctor Faraj ibn Salim, who translated a great medical work of al-Razi, the Rhases of the medieval West into Latin for the Angevin King Charles I.

In the eleventh and twelve centuries, the Muslims lost Sicily and most of Spain to Christian knights, and European crusaders carved it kingdoms on the Near East.
Arab Muslim in Sicily and Southern Italy

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